Purified Membrane Proteins

Acyl-CoA 6-desaturase (EC 1.14.19.3) (Delta(6) fatty acid desaturase) (D6D) (Delta(6) desaturase) (Delta-6 desaturase) (Fatty acid desaturase 2)

Involved in the biosynthesis of highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFA) from the essential polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) linoleic acid (LA) (18:2n-6) and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) (18:3n-3) precursors, acting as a fatty acyl-coenzyme A (CoA) desaturase that introduces a cis double bond at carbon 6 of the fatty acyl chain. Catalyzes the first and rate limiting step in this pathway which is the desaturation of LA (18:2n-6) and ALA (18:3n-3) into gamma-linoleate (GLA) (18:3n-6) and stearidonate (18:4n-3), respectively (PubMed:12713571). Subsequently, in the biosynthetic pathway of HUFA n-3 series, it desaturates tetracosapentaenoate (24:5n-3) to tetracosahexaenoate (24:6n-3), which is then converted to docosahexaenoate (DHA)(22:6n-3), an important lipid for nervous system function (By similarity). Desaturates hexadecanate (palmitate) to produce 6Z-hexadecenoate (sapienate), a fatty acid unique to humans and major component of human sebum, that has been implicated in the development of acne and may have potent antibacterial activity (PubMed:12713571). It can also desaturate (11E)-octadecenoate (trans-vaccenoate, the predominant trans fatty acid in human milk) at carbon 6 generating (6Z,11E)-octadecadienoate (By similarity). In addition to Delta-6 activity, this enzyme exhibits Delta-8 activity with slight biases toward n-3 fatty acyl-CoA substrates (By similarity). {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:B8R1K0, ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q9Z122, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12713571}.

Native

Stable

Pure

Active protein

Recombinant protein

Human Origin

Entry Name:

FADS2_HUMAN

Gene Name:

FADS2

Uniprot Accession:

O95864

Origin:

Homo sapiens (Human)

Protein family:

Fatty acid desaturase type 1 family

Full-length:

444

AA

Mass:

52259

Da

MGKGGNQGEGAAEREVSVPTFSWEEIQKHNLRTDRWLVIDRKVYNITKWSIQHPGGQRVIGHYAGEDATDAFRAFHPDLEFVGKFLKPLLIGELAPEEPSQDHGKNSKITEDFRALRKTAEDMNLFKTNHVFFLLLLAHIIALESIAWFTVFYFGNGWIPTLITAFVLATSQAQAGWLQHDYGHLSVYRKPKWNHLVHKFVIGHLKGASANWWNHRHFQHHAKPNIFHKDPDVNMLHVFVLGEWQPIEYGKKKLKYLPYNHQHEYFFLIGPPLLIPMYFQYQIIMTMIVHKNWVDLAWAVSYYIRFFITYIPFYGILGALLFLNFIRFLESHWFVWVTQMNHIVMEIDQEAYRDWFSSQLTATCNVEQSFFNDWFSGHLNFQIEHHLFPTMPRHNLHKIAPLVKSLCAKHGIEYQEKPLLRALLDIIRSLKKSGKLWLDAYLHK

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Expression systems: bacteria, yeast, insect cells, HEK & CHO mammalian cells
Purified formats: detergents, SMALPs, nanodiscs, proteoliposomes