Purified Membrane Proteins

Solute carrier family 15 member 4 (Peptide transporter 4) (Peptide/histidine transporter 1) (hPHT1)

Proton-coupled amino-acid transporter that mediates the transmembrane transport of L-histidine and some di- and tripeptides from inside the lysosome to the cytosol, and plays a key role in innate immune response (PubMed:16289537, PubMed:25238095, PubMed:29224352). Able to transport a variety of di- and tripeptides, including carnosine and some peptidoglycans (PubMed:29224352, PubMed:31073693). Transporter activity is pH-dependent and maximized in the acidic lysosomal environment (By similarity). Involved in the detection of microbial pathogens by toll-like receptors (TLRs) and NOD-like receptors (NLRs), probably by mediating transport of bacterial peptidoglycans across the endolysosomal membrane: catalyzes the transport of certain bacterial peptidoglycans, such as muramyl dipeptide (MDP), the NOD2 ligand, and L-alanyl-gamma-D-glutamyl-meso-2,6-diaminoheptanedioate (tri-DAP), the NOD1 ligand (PubMed:25238095, PubMed:29224352). Required for TLR7, TLR8 and TLR9-mediated type I interferon (IFN-I) productions in plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) (PubMed:25238095). Independently of its transporter activity, also promotes the recruitment of innate immune adapter TASL to endolysosome downstream of TLR7, TLR8 and TLR9: TASL recruitment leads to the specific recruitment and activation of IRF5 (PubMed:32433612). Required for isotype class switch recombination to IgG2c isotype in response to TLR9 stimulation (By similarity). Required for mast cell secretory-granule homeostasis by limiting mast cell functions and inflammatory responses (By similarity). {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:O09014, ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q91W98, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16289537, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25238095, ECO:0000269|PubMed:29224352, ECO:0000269|PubMed:31073693, ECO:0000269|PubMed:32433612}.




Active protein

Recombinant protein

Human Origin

Entry Name:


Gene Name:

SLC15A4 PHT1 PTR4 FP12591

Uniprot Accession:



Homo sapiens (Human)

Protein family:

Major facilitator superfamily, Proton-dependent oligopeptide transporter (POT/PTR) (TC 2.A.17) family








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Expression systems: bacteria, yeast, insect cells, HEK & CHO mammalian cells
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