Purified Membrane Proteins

Excitatory amino acid transporter 3 (Excitatory amino-acid carrier 1) (Neuronal and epithelial glutamate transporter) (Sodium-dependent glutamate/aspartate transporter 3) (Solute carrier family 1 member 1)

Sodium-dependent, high-affinity amino acid transporter that mediates the uptake of L-glutamate and also L-aspartate and D-aspartate (PubMed:7914198, PubMed:7521911, PubMed:8857541, PubMed:26690923, PubMed:21123949, PubMed:33658209). Can also transport L-cysteine (PubMed:21123949). Functions as a symporter that transports one amino acid molecule together with two or three Na(+) ions and one proton, in parallel with the counter-transport of one K(+) ion (PubMed:7521911, PubMed:8857541, PubMed:26690923, PubMed:33658209). Mediates Cl(-) flux that is not coupled to amino acid transport; this avoids the accumulation of negative charges due to aspartate and Na(+) symport (PubMed:8857541, PubMed:26690923). Plays an important role in L-glutamate and L-aspartate reabsorption in renal tubuli (PubMed:21123949). Plays a redundant role in the rapid removal of released glutamate from the synaptic cleft, which is essential for terminating the postsynaptic action of glutamate (By similarity). Contributes to glutathione biosynthesis and protection against oxidative stress via its role in L-glutamate and L-cysteine transport (By similarity). Negatively regulated by ARL6IP5 (By similarity). {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P51906, ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P51907, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21123949, ECO:0000269|PubMed:26690923, ECO:0000269|PubMed:33658209, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7521911, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7914198, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8857541}.

Native

Stable

Pure

Active protein

Recombinant protein

Human Origin

Entry Name:

EAA3_HUMAN

Gene Name:

SLC1A1 EAAC1 EAAT3 HEAAC1

Uniprot Accession:

P43005

Origin:

Homo sapiens (Human)

Protein family:

Dicarboxylate/amino acid:cation symporter (DAACS) (TC 2.A.23) family, SLC1A1 subfamily

Full-length:

524

AA

Mass:

57100

Da

MGKPARKGCEWKRFLKNNWVLLSTVAAVVLGITTGVLVREHSNLSTLEKFYFAFPGEILMRMLKLIILPLIISSMITGVAALDSNVSGKIGLRAVVYYFCTTLIAVILGIVLVVSIKPGVTQKVGEIARTGSTPEVSTVDAMLDLIRNMFPENLVQACFQQYKTKREEVKPPSDPEMNMTEESFTAVMTTAISKNKTKEYKIVGMYSDGINVLGLIVFCLVFGLVIGKMGEKGQILVDFFNALSDATMKIVQIIMCYMPLGILFLIAGKIIEVEDWEIFRKLGLYMATVLTGLAIHSIVILPLIYFIVVRKNPFRFAMGMAQALLTALMISSSSATLPVTFRCAEENNQVDKRITRFVLPVGATINMDGTALYEAVAAVFIAQLNDLDLGIGQIITISITATSASIGAAGVPQAGLVTMVIVLSAVGLPAEDVTLIIAVDWLLDRFRTMVNVLGDAFGTGIVEKLSKKELEQMDVSSEVNIVNPFALESTILDNEDSDTKKSYVNGGFAVDKSDTISFTQTSQF

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Expression systems: bacteria, yeast, insect cells, HEK & CHO mammalian cells
Purified formats: detergents, SMALPs, nanodiscs, proteoliposomes